Turkmenistan was one of the few Soviet Republics who preferred to remain in the Soviet Union, however it was forced to declare its independence after the Soviet Union stopped to exist. Not much changed as the head of the Communist Party of the Turkmen SSR, Saparmurat Niyazov became president for live of the new Republic of Turkmenistan. Only after his death in 2006 did the country open up a little bit, allowing contacts with the West.
Armed Forces of Turkmenistan
After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, significant elements of the Soviet Armed Forces Turkestan Military District remained on Turkmen soil. These formed the core of the Turkmen Armed Forces and were placed under joint command with the new Russian government. The Armed Forces consist of the Army, Air Force and Air Defence Force and the Navy.
Photo: Marcus Fülber
Large numbers of jets including MiG-23s, MiG-25s and Su-17s remained in the country. The MiG-29 and Su-25 were both upgraded and are still in service. These jets are operated along a small force of helicopters (Mi-17 and Mi-24) and some transport aircraft, the latest versions in use of these are the Mi-17V-5 and Mi-24P. More recently, aircraft have been bought in the West, like the Leonardo M346FA Master and C-27J NG Spartan, and the Embraer Super Tucano.
The Turkmenistan Air Force is probably organised according the Soviet doctrine, so for the moment we use this format in our OrBat.