Armed Forces Overviews
Chinese type designations since 1949


Other Forces

Since 1948 three aircraft designation systems have been used in China.

The first series was used until 1964 and included a code name that identified the manufacturer or design bureau, followed by a three digit number with the first digit indicating the main mission and the last two digits indicating the sequence number for new types and versions.
In this period the Air Force used its own system with the final two digits of the year of authorization as type number, when necessary added by "A", "B" etcetera for additional types.

In 1964 a new system was introduced using a sequence number added to the name indicating the role of the aircraft, which most often is abbreviated to single letters.
Until 1987 new versions of the same aircraft type had "I", "II", "III" added to the aircraft name. After that year the western style was copied and letters "A", "B" and up were introduced.
Aircraft types with different versions have an additional letter added after the initial letter.

Many publications use a dash ("-") between the role letter(s) and the digit. In line with translated designations painted on meny different aircraft in the Scramble Standard this dash is noit used.
In English text the Chinese prefer to call their aircraft the English way so "Chuji Jiaolianji (CJ)" becomes "Basic Trainer (BT)". As a result export aircraft are called by their English names and domestically used aircraft are called by their Chinese names.
Sometimes private ventures of military aircraft that (initially) doesn't attract the interest of the Chinese military might obtain an English name like FC-1, FBC-1 and FTC-2000.
Aircraft that are imported keep their original names. As a result confusion is rising with the Flanker of which the imported single-seaters are called Su-27SK while the license build copies are called J11.
From above it can be concluded that J2 was never allocated to any MiG-15 version.

In the listing below an effort has been made to present all Chinese build military aircraft types since 1949 that are included in the above mentioned designation system including the civil derivative designations when known.

The second column presents the designations in Chinese. When they don't show on the screen it is advised to install Chinese fonts in your browser.

As first information on new types hardly originates from official sources, generally known version designations tend to change after a period of time!

Chuji Jiaolianji - CJ (Basic Trainer - BT or Primary Trainer - PT) / HongZhuan (Red Craftsman)
type first flight number build remarks

CJ5 & 6 versions
CJ5 初教5 11jul54 379 License build Yak-18. Initial designation HongZhuan 501 (501).
CJ6 初教6 27aug58 5 proto + ... Improved CJ5 with nosewheel and retractable undercarriage and aluminum alloy structure. Initial designation HongZhuan 502 (502).
CJ6A /  BT-6 / PT-6 初教6甲6 1965 1800+ (total) Redesigned CJ6 with more powerful engine.
CJ6B 初教6乙 1964 10 Armed version of CJ6A.
CJ7/L7 初教7 nov14 1 proto Unsuccessful(?) piston engined successor of the CJ6.

Hongzhaji - H (Bomber - B) / FeiLong (Flying Dragon)
type first flight number build remarks

Hongdu H5 versions
H5 轰5 25jun62 several 100s Based on IL-28.
H5A 轰5甲     Longer range version. Not build.
H5-2152 轰5-2152     Special version for nuclear missions.
H5B 轰5乙     Naval version with 2 torpedo positions.
H5 Ying (Eagle) 轰5 "鹰"   1 Fire-control testbed for YJ8 anti-ship missile delivery. The glazed nose is replaced by a pointed radar nose.

Xi'an (XAC) H6 versions
H6 轰6 27sep59 2 Chinese assembled Tu-16 (2 more SovAF Tu-16's also delivered). Initial designation FeiLong 201 (201).
H6A 轰6甲 24dec66 ~120 (all versions) Reverse engineered Tu-16.
H6B 轰6乙     Reconnaissance version.
H6C 轰6丙 1980   Improved H6A version with modernized ECM systems.
H6D 轰6丁 29aug81 (2 Regiments) Naval version to carry two YJ61 anti ship missiles under wing. As B-6D to Iraq.
H6E 轰6E 1994   H6A modification dedicated for nuclear missions. No nose cannon.
H6I 轰6I 1970 1 Modified H6A with two additional jet-engines under the wing.
H6F 轰6F 1994   Modified H6A with improved navigation equipment (small chin radar)
H6G 轰6G ~2003   Naval H6 version with four underwing pylons for ASM missiles replacing H6D.
H6H 轰6H dec98   Improved H6D with two YJ63 Land-Attack Cruise Missile carriage, large chin radar and no external guns.
Some H6Hs were converted from H6D airframes.
H6 "Carrier" 轰6&靶机运载母机 1970   H6A conversion for carrying two "Target-6" ("6") drones.
H6K 轰6K 05jan07 >80 (prod) Further modernized H6 version for PLAAF with six underwing pylons, redesigned solid nose with modernized cockpit lay-out and improved, high bypass ratio engines.
H6KH 轰6KH 2014 1 proto Naval version of H6K With six hardpoints for YJ-12 AShM cruise missiles.
H6M 轰6M     Modified H6F with large chin radar and four underwing hardpoints
H6N 轰6N 2017 1 proto H6K derivative for (large) ASBM carriage with inflight refueling capabilities.
Type 226 226发动机空中试车台   1 Flying engine testbed on H6 airframe.

Hongzhaji Dian - HD (Bomber Electronic)
type first flight number build remarks
HD5 轰电5     Electronic warfare / ELINT version of H5. Converted from HZ5?
HD6I 轰电6I 1990   Electronic warfare / ELINT version of H6A.
HD6II 轰电6II 1996   Upgraded HD6I.
HD6III 轰电6III     Upgraded HD6II.

Hongzhaji Jiaolianji - HJ (Bomber Trainer)
type first flight number build remarks
HJ5 轰教5 12dec70   Trainer with glazed nose replaced by second cockpit. Many (all?) are converted H5's
HJ5 轰教5   1 Modified HJ5 used for ejection seat trials

Hongzhaji You - HU (Bomber Oil)
type first flight number build remarks
HU6 轰6油   18 Air Force version for aerial refueling with solid nose housing the weather radar. (also known as H6U)
H6DU 轰6丁油     Naval H6D converted for refueling role, (also known as HU6D)

Hongzhaji Zhenchaji - HZ (Reconnaissance Bomber)
type first flight number build remarks
HZ5 轰侦5 1970's   Reconnaissance/surveillance version of H5.

Jianjiji Hongzhaji - JH (Fighter Bomber China - FBC)
type first flight number build remarks
JH7 / FBC-1
"Flying Leopard"
歼轰7 14dec88 6 proto's 52 production Fighter/Bomber produced by Xi'an (XAC) to two Navy regiments until 2004.
JH7A /
歼轰7A 1jul02 5 protos + 180 Improved version with single peace windshield, two ventral fins and thicker wing with 6 instead of 4 hard points.
Deliveries started 2004 to the Navy and Air Force.
JH7B 歼轰7B 2012 (?) 2 protos Further improved JH7A. Series production not started in favour of J16

Jianjiji - J (Fighter - F) / DongFeng (Eastern Wind)
type first flight number build remarks

J5 versions
J5 歼5 19jul56 767 Imported MiG-17 and also licence build MiG-17F, including 15 MiG-17F knock down kits and ten build from Russian parts. Initial designation DongFeng 101 (东风101). Initially also known as Zhong 101 and type 56. Total 767 includes all Cinese build J5 and J5A.
J5A 歼5甲 1964   MiG-17PM derivative.
J5C       drone conversion of J5.

J6 versions
click here for a pictorial overview.
J6 versions 歼6 1961-1986 3000 MiG-19S/P/PM derivatives.
DongFeng 102 东风102 /
23sep59 1 J6 proto based on MiG-19PF and MiG-19SF
Build by Shenyang. Also known as Type 59.
J6A 歼6甲 17dec58   MiG-19P derivative by Shenyang. Limited all-weather version.
Initial designation DongFeng 103 (东风103). Also known as Type 59A.
From 1974 examples were modified to cater PL-2/K-13 missile launches.
J6B 歼6乙 24feb59   MiG-19PM derivative by Nanchang. All-weather version.
Initial designation DongFeng 105 (东风105). Also known as Type 59B.
Saw very limited service due to low quality.
J6 / F-6 歼6 1961   Revised production model based on MiG-19S nose (no radar) and armament and MiG-19P tail (two intakes).
Optionally with inboard or outboard hardpoints on wing.
J6C 歼6C     Late J6 version (MiG-19S/P) with drag chute in tail.
Believed to be non-official designation.
J6I 歼6丙 / 歼6I 1966   High-altitude day interceptor, with radar on engine-inlet splitter plate.
Increased wing chord and no cannons.
J6II 歼6Ⅱ 25mar69   Improved J6I version with two 30mm cannons but no guns.
J6III 歼6Ⅲ 05aug69   Improved J6II version with three 30mm cannons and movable intake centerbody.
J6IV 歼6IV 1970 7 Unsuccessful all-weather J6III version by Shenyang with two wing-root mounted cannons.
J6IIIC       Unsuccessful all-weather J6III version by Guizhou.
J6Xin       J6IV and J6IIIC after rebuild to airworthy condition.
J6W   2006 ~200 Drone conversion for deep penetration bombing missions.

Dong Feng projects
DongFeng 104(1) 东风104 (1)   0 Shenyang project cancelled in 1958.
DongFeng 107 东风107   0 Shenyang project cancelled in 1958. High-speed fighter.
DongFeng 113 东风113   0 Harbin project cancelled 1958, Single-engine, high-speed fighter.

Chengdu (CAC) J7 versions (MiG-21F-13 derivatives)
J7 歼7 17jan66 12 License build MiG-21F-13. Prototypes only. Also known as Type 62. Build by Shenyang that also assembled 25 MiG-21F-13 kits.
J7I / F-7A 歼7I jun76 188 Production version of J7 with unsatisfactory quality. Canopy opens forward. Small numbers exported as F-7A. Build until 1981
J7II / F-7B 歼7Ⅱ / 歼7B 30dec78 475 Improved J7I version with improved engine, larger drop-tanks and rear-hinged canopy.
Build between 1979-1986 at CAC (375) and Guizhou (about 100).
F-7BS       Simplified F-7B for Sri Lanka.
J7IIA 歼7ⅡA mar84   Improved J7II with communication antenna on top of fin and pitot-tube re-located from beneath engine inlet to above-right position.
J7IIH/J7H 歼7ⅡH/歼7H mar85 221 Improved J7II able to fire two PL8 missiles instead of PL5.
Build between 1986-1993
J7IIK/J7K 歼7ⅡK/歼7K 1990 59 Upgraded J7II with new avionics.
歼7M "空中卫士" 31aug83   Much improved J7IIA, westernized avionics in export version. used by Bangladesh, Iran, Myanmar and Zimbabwe.
F-7MG (1)     1 Modernized F-7M. CAC demonstrator. Straight wing.
F-7PG (1) 歼7PG 9jun88 1 Modernized F-7M. CAC demonstrator. Straight wing.
F-7P "Airbolt" 歼7P
    Improved F-7M version for Pakistan.
F-7MP "Airbolt" 歼7MP 1988 140 Modernized (engine, cockpit, avionics) F-7P for Pakistan.
J7 target 歼7靶     Drone conversions of the J7II.

Chengdu/Guizhou J7 versions (MiG-21MF derivatives)
J7C 歼7C 26apr84 17 Reverse engineered Egyptian AF MiG-21MF with WS13 engine. Previously called J7III (歼7Ⅲ).
Build between 1988-1996
J7D 歼7D 1994 32 Improved J7C version (engine, radar, cockpit). Previously called J7IIIA.
Build until 1999.

Chengdu (CAC) J7E versions (third generation J7)
J7E 歼7E may90 205 Third generation J7 based on J7II airframe with double-delta wing. Previously called J7IV (歼7IV).
In production until 2002.
J7EB 歼7EB   24 Modified J7E used by "1st August" / "Ba Yi" demonstration team until 2005.
J7EH 歼7EH   34 J7E version used by Navy.
J7FS 歼7FS 8jun98 1 Technology demonstrator with J7E proto airframe (in itself former F-7M proto) and chin type engine inlet.
F-7MG (2) 歼7MG   5+ CAC demonstrator for J7E export. Double delta wing.
F-7PG (2) 歼7PG   51 F-7MG version for Pakistan, with (a.o.) single-peace windshield.
Delivered between 2000 and 2003.
J7G 歼7G June 2002 80+ Domestic version based on F-7PG succeeding J7E production.  
J7GB 歼7GB dec04 12 Modified, unarmed J7G ersion used by "1st August" / "Ba Yi" demonstration team between 2005 and 2009.  
F-7BG   2006 12 Export J-7G for Bangladesh  
F-7NG   2006 12 Export J-7G for Nigeria in 2006.  
F-7NM   2008 6 Export J-7G for Namibia.  
F-7BGI   2012 12 Improved F-7BG for Bangladesh  

J8 "Finback" versions
J8 歼8 5jul69 80 Day-fighter by Shenyang (SAC) with pitot type engine inlet. Production started only in 1980. Forward opening cockpit.
J8A 歼8A 24apr81 3 proto's + ~100 All-weather fighter (J8 upgrade) with ranging radar (and aft opening cockpit). Previously called J8I (歼8I).
J8ACT 歼8ACT   1 Based on J8I. ACT: Active Control Technology.
J8E 歼8E     Converted J8As with new fire control radar and avionics. Long unpainted engine exhaust.
J8B "Finback" versions
J8B 歼8B-01 12jun84   Improved J8A with lateral engine inlets (early designation J8II - 歼8Ⅱ).
J8B block 2 歼8B-02     Improved J8B (fire control radar, cockpit, avionics). Early designation J8IIB.
J8IIACT 歼8ⅡACT 1988 1 Canard equipped fly-by-wire testbed based on J8B. Also known as BW-2.
F-8IIM   1996 1 J8B with improved Russian avionics, fire control radar and fly-by-wire.
J8C 歼8C 1992 protos only J8B with improved fire control, in-flight refueling and WP-13B engines. Two wing fences. Also known as J8III.
J8D 歼8ⅡD 21nov90 ~30 J8B block-2 with air-refueling probe. Also designated J8IIA (歼8IIA).
J8DF 歼8ⅡDF     J8D converted to J8F standard.
J8DH 歼8ⅡDH     J8D converted to J8H standard.
J8F 歼8F 2000   J8C with further improved fire control, twin wing fences and glass cockpit for FLAAF and PLANAF. Also designated J8IIF (歼8IIF). 100 radars were ordered in Russia.
J8G 歼8G jun01 1 Modified J8H with two YJ-91 anti-radiation missiles for SEAD (Suppression of Enemy Air Defense) role.
J8H 歼8H ~1997 ~70 Improved J8D with new radar and WP-13B engines.
In service since 2002, Total includes upgraded J8BHs/J8DHs.

Other fighter types
J9 (1) 歼9   0 Cancelled. 1960/70's single engined development by Chengdu of the J8.
FC-1 "Xialon" (Fierce Dragon)   25aug03 6 proto's + prod (100+) Multi-role fighter by Chengdu (CAC) and Pakistan flying with Pakistan and Myanmar..
Major aerodynamic improvements after starting proto 3 (f/f 28apr06).
Final assambly of production aircraft in Pakistan (PAC) 
FC-1B   27apr17 1 proto Twin seat, trainer version of FC-1/JF-17
J10 (1) 歼10   0 Cancelled. 1960's fighter
J10 "Vigorous Dragon" 歼10 1996 17 Multi-role fighter by Chengdu (CAC) operational since 2003 as J10A. Also known as "Project 10" ("10号工程").
J10A 歼10A 28jun02 200+ (prod. incl J10A derivatives) Production version of J10 with aerodynamic and systems improvement, 300 planned.
J10AH 歼10AH 2010 16 Naval version of J10A.
J10AY 歼10AY 2010 9 Single-seat J10 for demo team 1st August.
J10B 歼10B 2010 4 protos + >50 (prod) Further improved J10 single seat version.
J10C 歼10C 2014 1 proto Further improved and more powerful J10B single seater.
J10S 歼10S 26dec03 >50 (prod) Two-seat trainer version of J10A.
J10SH 歼10SH 2010 8 Naval version of the twin-seat J10S.
J10SY 歼10SY 2009 3 Two-seat J10 for demo team 1st August.
J11 (1) 歼11   4 Cancelled. 1960's lightweight fighter.
J11 歼11 dec98 105 (J11/J11A) Locally (Shenyang/SAC ) assembled Su-27SK.
J11A 歼11A   105 (J11/J11A) J11s with 60-70% Chinese made content.
J11B 歼11B 2003 3  proto + prod Chinese derivative of J11A including WS-10A engines. In service since January 2008. In 2013 a prototype with improved radar was testflown, possibly designated J11D.
J11C 歼11C   0 Designation initially used for J15.
J11D 歼11D 20apr15 4  proto Improved version of J11B with new engine and new AESA radar and improvements introduced with the J16.
J11BH 歼11BH   (prod) Navalised J11B operational in two Regiments
J11BS 歼11BS 2007 2 proto + (prod) Dual seat derivative of the J11B.
J11BSH 歼11BSH 2012 >14 (prod) Navalised J11BS.
J12 (1) Air Li Xiangyang 歼12
26dec69 6 proto's Lightweight STOL fighter. Cancelled in 1978.
J13 歼13   0 Cancelled. 1980's lightweight fighter.
J15 歼15 2010 6 protos + 24 Navalised J11 with canards and tailhook for carrier operations.
J15S 歼15S 3nov12 1 proto Dual seat J15.
J15T(?) 歼15T(?) jul16 1 proto CATOBAR (catapult takeoff capable) version (Unofficial designation)
J16 歼16 17oct11 >4 protos Ground attack version based on J11BS.
J16D 歼16D 18dec15 >1 protos Electronic Attack version of J16 family. Unofficial designation
J20 歼20 11jan11 7 protos + 6 prod Next Generation twin-engine heavy fighter produced by Chengdu for PLAAF and PLAN. 7th proto (ff 19sep17) is first with WS-10 engines



2 proto's

Twin-engine light-weight fighter produced by Shenyang, with roll-out September 2012 as Project 310. Second proto with major refinements.
Until Zhuhai 2014 unofficially known as F-60 (export), J21 and J31.

Jianjiji Jiaolianji - JJ (Fighter Trainer - FT)
type first flight number build remarks
JJ1   26jul58 1 1 Proto only. Initial designation HongZhuan 503 (红专-503).
JJ2       =MiG-15UTI (western invented designation?).
JJ4       Based on MiG-17U (western invented designation?).
JJ5 /  FT-5 歼教5 8may66 974 J5A trainer derivative.
JJ6 /  FT-6 歼教6   634 J6 trainer derivative.
Note: No trainer version of MiG-19 was ever build.
BW1   1988/89 1 Fly-by-wire testbed derived from JJ6. "Bian Wen"="Stabilization".

Guizhou JJ7 versions
JJ7 /  FT-7 歼教7 5jul85   MiG-21U equivalent.
JJ7A /  FT-7A   nov90 >20 Improved JJ7 with 61 cm stretched fuselage, internal gun and head-up display.
FT-7P/N       Improved JJ7A for Pakistan resp. Iran.
FT-7PG   mar02 6 Small batch for Pakistan compatible with F-7PG.
FT-7BG   2006 4 Small batch for Bangladesh compatible with F-7BG.
FT-7NG     2 planned Export version for Nigeria in June 2006.  

Jianjiji Zhenchaji - JZ (Reconnaissance Fighter)
type first flight number build remarks
JZ5 歼侦5      
JZ6 歼侦6 1jul71 ~100 MiG-19R equivalent tactical reconnaissance version.
J8R       Modified J8A with external centreline mounted reconnaissance pod.also known as JZ8.
J8FR 歼8T   (prod) Modified J8F for tactical reconnaissance first noted in 2007 with reconnaissance pod semi burried in fuselage. Also known as JZ8F and JC8F.


KJ - Kong Jiang / Kong Zhong Yu Jing Ji (AWACS / AEW aircraft)
type first flight number build remarks
KJ1 空警1   1 proto Initial AEW design based on Tu-4/B-29.
KJ4 空警4     Light observation aircraft for army.
KJ200/Y8W (GX5) 空警200/运8W (高新5) 14jan05 1 proto + 12 AEW&C version of Y8, with New High fuselage and radar beam on top of fuselage. Also known as New High 5.
Y8F-200 airframe was used as testbed (first flight 8 November 2001. Used by air force and navy.
KJ200A/ 空警200A   (prod) Improved KJ200 with AEW radar in nose dome.
KJ500 (GX9) 空警500 (高新9) 2013 1 proto + 2 (prod) AEW &C version of Y8 with fixed radome on top of fuselage housing three AESA radar beams.
KJ500H (GX9) 空警500H (高新9) 2015 2 Naval version of KJ500.
T0518     1 testbed Testbed/prototype version for the ZDK-03. In 2013 converted to KJ500 testbed.
ZDK-03/Y8P ZDK-03/Y8P   4 AWACS version Y8 with rotodome on fuselage for export Pakistan.
KJ2000 空警2000 11nov03 2 proto  + 4 AWACS version of Il-76MD
Y7 AWACS     1 testbed E-2 Hawkeye look-alike AWACS version of the Y7.
First reported in development in 2005. First noted mid 2011.


Lian - L (Primary Trainer - K)
type first flight number build remarks

Hongdu JL8 versions
K-8   21nov90   Export designation. K stands for Mountain range Karakorum.
exports to Egypt (120 K-8E), Ghana (4), Kenya (?), Myanmar (12), Namibia (4), Pakistan (K-8P), Sri Lanka (6), Sudan (12), Tanzania, Venezuela (12), Zambia (8), Zimbabwe (12)
JL8 教练8 dec94 >400 (prod) Production version for domestic use.
K-8V IFSTA   25jun97 1 Fly-by-wire test version of JL-8 (Inflight Stability Test Aircraft).
K-8E     80+40 Export version for Egypt.
80 licence build in Egypt by 2005. 40 more to be produced.
JL9 /
 FTC-2000 Shanying (export)
教练9 13dec03 2 proto + prod Modernized and rebuild of JJ7A by Guizhou with lateral engine intakes (Shanying=Mountain Eagle).
JL9A 教练9A 2009 2 proto + 5 (prod) Naval version of the JL9 with improved aerodynamics for low speed flying including modifed wing, deltetion of ventral fins and modified engine intake. Initially a tailhook was tested that was deleted in production version. Initially known as JL9G.
JL9H 教练9H 2010 22 (prod) Naval version of the JL9.
JL9J 教练9J 2011 1 proto Carrier capable JL9 (temporarily converted JL9A proto #2).
JL10 教练10 1jul13 1 proto + prod Lead-In Fighter Trainer (LIFT) by Hongdu. Development from L15 (tested on proto #6). For PLAAF.
JL10H 教练10H 2017 1 proto Naval version of JL10.
L15 练15 13mar06 6 proto + prod Light trainer from Hongdu. Yak-130 look-alike. For export only (Zambia)
L15B 练15B   1 proto Light ground attack fighter.


Qiangjiji - Q (Attack - A) / XionYing (Mighty Eagle)
type first flight number build remarks

Q5 versions
Q5 "Fantan" 强5 4jun65   Initial production version by Nanchang (later renamed Hongdu) broadly based on MiG-19 with lateral engine inlets. Initially called XionYing 302 (雄鹰302).
Q5A 强5甲 1aug70   Special version for nuclear missions.
Q5I 强5I     Improved Q5 version with two more hardpoints and deleted weapons bay.
Q5IA       Improved Q5I version with two more hardpoints.
Q5II 强5II     Q5IA with Radar Warning Receiver.
Q5B 强5乙 sep70   Naval Q5 version with re-shaped nose for Doppler radar and provisions for two torpedoes.
A-5C   7sep82   Westernized Q5I (Pakistan, Bangladesh). Also known as Q5III.
Q5K 强5K sep91 1 proto Q5II upgrade with French electronics.
Q5M / A-5M 强5M 31aug88 1 proto Q5II upgrade with Italian electronics and more powerful engine.
A-5MI 强5M   1 proto Modernised A-5M demonstrator.
Q5D / A-5D 强5D     Modernized all-weather attack version with improved navigation systems and fire control. Green camo c/s.
Q5E/F 强5E/F late 90's   Improved Q5II with Q5K/M experience included
Q5E for FLIR/Laser Targeting carriage with Q5F for 2 500kg bomb carriage.
Q5J 强5J 28feb05 1 proto + prod Modified Q5D, resulting in a two-seat trainer version.
Q5L 强5L 2010   Modified Q5C/D for improved targeting and bombing and with inproved range due to a conformal fuel tank and two drop tanks.
Q6 强6   0 Swing-wing fighter-bomber project initiated in 1976, rougly based on the MiG-23. Cancelled in 1979.


Shuishangji Hongzha - SH (Maritime Bomber)
type first flight number build remarks
SH5 水轰5 3apr76 3 proto + 4 4-engined amphibian using Y8 wing.
SH5B 水轰5B   1 Fire fighting SH5 derivative.

Qiangjiji Dian - QD (Attack Electronic))
type first flight number build remarks
QD5 强电5     Electronic warfare / ELINT version of Q5.


Xiangji - X (Glider)
type first flight number build remarks
X5A       no details known.
X7       Jian Fan. Two-seat basic training glider by Chengdu Sailplane Factory
X9       Jian Fan. Two-seat training glider by Chengdu Sailplane Factory
X10       Qian Jin. Shenyang Sailplane Works
X11       nBy Shenyang Sailplane Works.

Wing In Ground Effect - XTW
type first flight number build remarks
XTW-5   1999 2

About 20m long Ekranoplan used by Border Patrol based on RFB X-114 design.
Design by China Ship Scientific Research Centre (CSSRC)


Yunshuji - Y (Transport) / Heping (Peace)
type first flight number build remarks

Y5 versions
Y5 "Fong Shou" 运5 23dec57 728 (incl. civil) Copy of An-2, also written as "运五".
total produced by 320 Airplane manufactory (Nanchang Aircraft Comp).
Y5B (1) 运5乙 /
1958 229 Y5 agriculture version, suited for hot weather ops.
Y5 Aerobus   1958 2 VIP version for the Air Force.
Y5D 运5丁 1958 116 Bomber trainer, delivered from 1962.
Y5A 运5甲 1959 114 11 pax for CAAC.
Y5C 运5丙 /
1964 7 Amphibian Y5 for navy (1 copy from USSR, 6 Chinese clones), in 1972 converted back to Y5. Also known as Qing-5.
Y5 运5 may70 221 (incl. civil) Continued production by Redstar Company (Shijiazhuang Aircraft).
Beijing-5 北京5     Drone version of first generation Y5s (?).
Y5B (2) 运5B 30dec87 1+ Restructured Y5.
Y5 "Para" 运5军用跳伞型 28mar95   Y5 with wingtip vanes, for military parachuting operations, including GPS installation.
Y5N 运5N     Advanced version of Y5B.
Y5B(K) 运5B(K)     Y5B passenger version for international certification.
Y5B(D) 运5B(D)     Improved version of Y5B, which replaced it on the production line from the third badge.
Y5B(C) 运5B(C)      
Y5B(N) 运5B(N)     Agriculture version.
Y5 "Trainer" 运5航校训练型     Y5 for Aviation School Training.
Y6     0 Il-14 copy. Also known as Heping 401 (和平401).

Xi'an (XAC) Y7 versions
Y7 运7 25dec70 1? Reverse engineered An-24. Certified april 1984.
Y7-100 运7-100   85 all -100 versions Y7 with western avionics, winglets. 85 Y7-100 versions (100C/-100C1/100C2) build until 1992.
Y7-100J 运7-100J     Navigation trainer based on Y7-100.
Y7H 运7H 1989   Y7-100 development with tail loading ramp and additional APU on port side and no winglets ("Hao"="Cargo").
As a result an An-26 look-alike. Initially called Y14.
Y7H-500 运7H-500   2 Civil version of the Y7H.
Y7-H   late '90s   Special Y7 version for bomber crew training based on civil Y7-100C2.
Y7-200A 运7-200A 1993   Advanced westernised version of the Y7-100 with PW127C engines and 1 meter longer fuselage.
Certified 5 May 1998.
Y7-200B 运7-200B 28nov90   Advanced version of the Y7-100 with longer fuselage for more cargo.
Y7 (long Range) 运-7长航程 25dec99   Long -range Y7 with external fuel tanks on wing.
Y7G 运7G     Military version of MA60.
MA60 新舟60 12mar00   "Modern Ark 60". Redesigned Y7-200A with sharper nose, western electronics and PW127J engines. For civil market.
MA60H 新舟60H 2016 1 Maritime Patrol Aircraft for China Coast Guard.
MA600 新舟600 9oct08   "Modern Ark 600". Further development of MA60. For civil market.
MA600F 新舟600F 24oct12   Cargo version of MA600 with righthand side cargo door.
HYJ7 轰运教7     Bomber trainer version of Y7 first noted in 2008. Also known as Y7LH.

Shaanxi (SAC) Y8 versions
Y8 运8 25dec75 100+ (all over) (prod) Reverse engineered An-12.
Y8A 运8A nov85   Dedicated Sikorsky S70 carrier.
Y8B 运8B nov85   Passenger version.
Y8C 运8C 17dec90   Y8 with pressurized cabin.
Y8CA 运8CA   1 testbed Y8C used to test the J10 radar.
Y8CB(1) 运8CB aug99 1 testbed Flying radar testbed (now) with J11 radar nose and new six-bladed propeller. Converted from Y8CA.
Also known as RETA-Radar, Electronic Test Aircraft.
Y8CH 运8CH   4 Navalized version of standard Y8C.
Y8D 运8D oct87   Export version.
Y8DI 运8DI     Reequiped export version.
Y8DII 运8DII     Improved export version, with western electronics.
Y8E 运8E     Reconnaissance UAV carrier.
Y8H 运8H   2 Air survey version.
Y8Q(1) 运8Q     Military version without the tail turret. Replaced the standard Y8 from the sixth batch.
Y8X 运8X 13dec84 4 Maritime Patrol version for Navy (X=Xun).
Y8J 运8J 26sep98 4 AEW version for Navy with a Sky Master search radar in a big nose radome.
Converted from Navy Y8X aircraft. (J=Jian).
6 Sky Master radars were imported.
Y8CB(2) (GX1) 运8CB (高新1) 2005 6 Electronic Warfare version for Air Force with canoe shaped radar under fuselage and antenna's fitted to loading ramp.
Replacement for HD5.
Also known as "New High 1".
Y8JB/Y8(DZ)  (GX2) 运8JB (高新2) 26aug03 5 ELINT version for Air Force with extended radar under nose and large SATCOM antena on fuselage.
Also known as "New High 2".
Y8G (GX4) 运8G (高新4) 2005 9 ECM version with large antennas on both sides of forward fuselage.
Also known as "New High 4".
Y8T (GX3) 运8T (高新1) 2005 3 Command & Control version with big satcom antenna on roof. In service by 2006.
Also known as "New High 3"
Y8Q (GX6) 运8Q (高新6)  2012 2 proto + 2 ASW version of Y8 with search radar, MAD-boom and bomb bays.
Also known as "New High 6"
Y8XZ  (GX7) 运8XZ (高新7) 2007 2 Psychological Operations version with flat horizontal antennas on the aft fuselage.
Also known as "New High 7"
Y8F-100 运8F100     Civilian version of basic Y8.
Y8F-200 运8F200     Civilian version of pressurized Y8C.
Y-8F-200W   2 2012 Export version for Venezuelan Air Force (8 ordered).
Y8F-400 运8F400 25aug01   Civilian version based on Y8F-200 with improved avionics and 3-man crew instead of 5.
Y8F-600 运8F600     Shelved civilian version of Y8 with PW150B engines, APU and improved avionics and two man cockpit.
Y9 运9   >10 (prod) Military version of the Y8F-600 with WJ-6C engines anounced in September 2005. Earlier known as Y8-X
Y9JB (GX8) 运9JB (高新8) 2012 1 proto + 4 ELINT version of Y9.
Also known as "New High 8"
Y9G (GX11) 运9G (高新11) 2014 1 proto ECM version of Y9
Also known as "New High 11"
Y9XZ (GX10) 运9XZ (高新10) 2014 1 Psychological Operations version based on Y9 fuselage with flat horizontal antennas on the aft fuselage.
Also known as "New High 10"
Y10 运10 26sep80 1 proto 4-engined airliner (B707 look alike).

HAIC Y11 & 12 versions
Y11 运11 30dec75 41 2-engined small transport.
Y11B 运11B dec90 2 protos Modified Y11.
Y12 运12 14jul82 (prod) 2 turbo-engined Y11 upgrade.
Y12I 运12I   2 PT-6A-11 engined version.
Y12II 运12II     Advanced version.with PT-6A-27 engines
Y12III 运12III     Aerial survey version with WJ9 engines.
Y12IV 运12IV 30aug93   Enlarged version of the Y12II with improved wing. FAA certified. Three bladed props.
Y12D 运12D     Y12IV development for PLAAF parajumping. Four bladed props
Y12E 运12E 7dec00   Reengined version of the Y12IV.
Y12F 运12F 19dec10   Lenghtenthand modernised high takeoff weight version of the Y12E.
Y12G 运12G     Proposed cargo version of Y12F.
Y13 运13   0 Not build.
Y14 运14   0 Not build. Became Y7H.
Y16 运16   0 Not build. Boeing 737-400 copy.
Y19 运19   0 Rumoured future local version of An-178 (Two engined medium transport)

'Kun Peng'

运20 '鲲鹏' 26jan13 5 proto's + 2 Four-engined (D-30KP2) turbofan high wing large transport aircraft by XAC with payload of 50-55 tonnes. A 66 tonnes payload version with Chinese engines is under development.
Y30 运30   0 SAC project for 35-40 tonnes payload, turboprop powered cargoplane, shown at Zhuhai 2014.


Zhishengji - Z (VTOL) / Xuanfeng (Whirlwind)
type first flight number build remarks
Z5 直5 14dec59 545 Mi-4 license build by Harbin. Initially called Xuanfeng 25 (旋风25).
Z5 "mil" 直5军用突击型     Armed version with gun pod under belly.
Z5 "Saloon" 直5     VIP/Passenger version with square windows.
Z5 直5     Mi-4Skh look alike for chemical spraying.
Z5 testbed 直5 1979 1 Testbed re-enined with PT6T-6 "Twin Pack".
Z6 直6 15dec69 15 Mi-8 look-alike based on Z5 and build by Harbin, production moved to Changzhou in 1970.
Only prototypes and pre-production. Project stopped in 1977
Z7 直7 -- 2 At 90% prototype completion the project was stopped on 28 June 1979 with only static tests partially performed.

Z8 versions
Z8 直8 11dec85 12 (prod) Reverse engineered SA321Ja for Navy. Origionally 7 ordered (including three protos and static airframe.
Z8A 直8A 2001 8+1 proto Initial Army version.
Z8B 直8B 2011 60 Improved Z8A for Army. Sponsoons removed.
Z8F 直8F 4aug04 proto Civil Z8 derivative with PT6B-67A engines. Civil derivative includes AC313 (Z8F-100).
Z8G 直8G 2014 (prod) Z18 development for high altitude troop transport for Army. Earlier known as Z18A.
Z8J 直8J 2007 14 CSAR version of Z8 for PLANAF.
Z8JH 直8JH 2007 4 SAR version of Z8 for PLANAF.
Z8K 直8K 2007 12 Rescue version of Z8 for PLAAF.
Z8KA 直8KA 2007 12 Combat troop transport version for PLAAF.
Z8KH 直8KH 2009 4 Z8 dedicated for Hong Kong Garrison.
Z8S 直8S 25dec04 2 (prod) Naval SAR version based on Z8E with improved avionics, hoist, searchlight and FLIR.
Z8WJS 直8WJS 2009 8 Z8 version for WuJing (=Armed Police) Senlin (=Forest).
Z8AWJS 直8AWJS 2014 10 Development of Z8WJS based on AC313 airframe.

Z9 versions
Z9 直9 1981 (prod) Locally assembled AS365N1 by Harbin. 
Civil derivatives include H410, H425, AC312
Z9A 直9A   20 AS365N2 equivalent. Also known as Z9A-100.
Z9A "ECM" 直9A电子干扰型     Electronic countermeasures version for the PLA.
Z9A "Scout" 直9A侦察校射型     Artillery reconnaissance version for the PLA.
Z9A "Command" 直9A通信指挥型   1 Signal communications and command post version for the PLA.
Z9B 直9B 16jan92 12 PLAAF version used in HongKong.
Z9C 直9C   23 Naval version of Z9, equipped with nose radar and torpedos.
Z9EC 直9EC     Export version of Z9C.
Z9D 直9D   2 proto + >8 (prod)

Naval anti-ship version of Z9C. Two have been converted to the SAR role

Z9W 直9W 1989 (prod) Armed version of utility Z9(W: Wuzhuang: Weapon equipped).
Z9WA 直9WA 2004 (prod) Improved Z9W with higher power engine, improved stub wing and improved body armour. Earlier known as Z9G
Z9WE 直9WE 2007 ~4 Export version of Z9WZ
Z9WZ 直9WZ 2007 (prod) Z9WA with H425 enhancements and improved fire control system. Earlier known as Z9WE
Z9Z 直9G 24dec04 (prod) Reconnaisance version of Z9A.
Z10 直10 29apr03 8 protos Tandem seat attack helicopter build by CHAIC developed by 602 Institute, CHAIC and HAIG, based on a design by Kamov with further refinements by Eurocopter and Agusta. This initial Z10 version was powered by PT6C-76C engine.
Z10A 直10A 2009 3 proto + > 84 Production version of Z10 powered by WZ-9 engine and with reduced weight.
Z10H 直10H   36 Improved Z10 version for Army
Z10K 直10K 2015 1 proto + (prod) Improved Z10 version for Air Force
Z11 直11 dec94 >50 (prod) License production of AS350B by Changhe Aircraft Industries Corp. and used as trainer within PLA.
Civil derivatives include AC311.
Z11J   2007 prod Export version of Z11.
Z11J? 直11J? 2005 proto Police version of Z11.
Z11W 直11W 27dec04 proto Armed version of Z11.
Z11WB 直11WB 28sep15 proto Improved armed version of Z11
Z11MB2, Z11ME2 直11MB2,
dec94 40+ (prod) French Arriel 2B1A engine powered versions.
HC120     prod License production of EADS EC120 by HAMC. License agreement signed 11 June 2004.
Z15 直15 04dec09 1 proto 6-tonnes helicopter build bij Harbin in cooperation with Aerospatiale (as EC175). Expected PLAAF service entry: 2015. Chinese civil derivatives include AC352.
Z18 直18 2013 1 Modernised version of Z8/AC313 with enlarged cabin and improved, more powerful WZ6G engine.
Z18F 直18F feb14 2 ASW version of Z8 for PLANAF
Z18J Bat 直18J 2009 1 Z18 equipped with AESA radar for shipborne AEW role. (earlier known as Z8YJ and Z18YJ).
Z19 直19 may10 1 proto + prod (108+) Light weight attack/scout helicopter produced by Hongdu.
Z-19E   18may17 1 proto Export version of Z19.
Z20 直20 23dec13 1 proto 10 Tonnes MTOW helicopter by HAIG (Harbin).